Extreme Weather. Why America Has More Storms Than The UK?
We are in a group of two and we are doing about extreme weather conditions in America and in the UK and why America has got more extreme weather than in the UK. Some of the extreme weather conditions include: Tornadoes, Hurricanes and other storms. Every year people lose lives from these events. There are more deaths with tornadoes than hurricanes, making tornadoes more deadly and destructive than any storm. Tornadoes and hurricanes need wind to give them life. Goes to show how deadly wind can be.
Tornadoes are funnel-shaped clouds that comes from a thunderstorm. The damage can spread over 1 mile wide and 50 miles long. They can also be called Twisters. Tornadoes form almost the same way as hurricanes but tornadoes form on land where as hurricanes form in the ocean. Tornadoes gain speed once they land on the land and depending on the power depends on how much damage they can cause. Tornadoes vary from an F1 (weak and cause minor damage) to F5 tornadoes the strongest and will destroy anything in their path and can travel faster than a hurricane. Tornadoes form wen the cold and moist air mixes with the hot and dry air from the inlands of America. They will mix forming a storm cell and will start to rotate. Once the tornado starts to rotate it will start to form a funnel. Once the funnel touches the ground the tornado will start to move in the direction of the wind. The tornado will pick up speed the moment it hits the ground and will (depending on the strength) flatten everything that gets in its path.
The deadliest American hurricane on record was a Category 4 storm that hit the island city of Galveston, Texas, on September the 8th 1900. Some 8,000 people lost their lives when the island was destroyed by 15-ft waves and 130-mph winds. Hurricanes occur when hot and dry air mixes with cool and moist air. The cold air will travel down through the centre of America and the hot air will travel from Africa across the ocean and will mix with the cold air above the Pacific that’s where the hurricane first starts its life. It then gets carried with the jet stream but as it moves it gain strength and gets bigger and bigger. The hurricane then forms a funnel. The funnel is where the wind it at its worst. The closer to the eye of the hurricane the stronger the wind. Once you manage to get inside of the eye of the hurricane there is no wind and everything is still and silent. The eye of the hurricane can take anywhere from 1 hour to a day for the aye to pass over. Normally when the hurricane hits land the hurricane will slow down and lose strength and will die away.
The UK Weather
The weather in the UK is very different to the weather that is faced in America. The UK has a different climate to America and that’s why we don’t have as bad weather as the people who live in America. Occasionally we get the odd bad storm here in the UK and very rarely do we see a tornado. We get the tail ends of the hurricanes that have hit America but we don’t normally get the strong hurricanes like America sadly gets. Very, very rarely do we ever get a very bad storm/ hurricane ever hitting the UK. We normally just get bad rainfall.
We don’t normally have the hot dry air and cold moist air mixing together and coming towards us because that’s not the way the jet stream works. The jet stream is the way the wind travels. The wind travels in currents just like the ocean and has its own paths that it takes. The jet stream doesn’t normally make the hot air from Africa hit us. It normally just goes straight to America. We get cold air from the arctic and we get hot air traveling from Spain and France but the cold and hot air don’t normally meet above Britain to create a storm cloud.
Report by: Sophie and Bethany